Does Earth’s ozone layer still need saving? You’re darn tootin’! Certain consumer products and industrial processes are subsequent in the pollution of “halogen source gases” to the atmosphere. These gases add chemical elements to the stratosphere, which results in the depletion of the ozone layer. For instance: CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), once implemented in almost all air conditioning and refrigeration systems, at length reach the stratosphere, where they fracture apart and discharge ozone-destroying atoms.
Other illustrations of human-produced ozone-draining gases are the “halons,” which are utilized in fire extinguishers and involve ozone-wrecking atoms. The consumption and production of all chief halogen source gases by human endeavors are regulated globally under the Montreal Protocol. But, the primary inquiry is: what can YOU do (personally) to save the ozone layer?
What is the ozone layer?
We can’t see it, however, the ozone layer is protecting us daily from the hazards of the atmosphere. If the sun was left to its own gimmicks, it is probable that we would not just obtain sunburns — we’d be sun-slain.
The ozone layer is comprised of varying types of gas: oxygen gas and ozone gas. These gases soak ultraviolet light from the sun and deter rays from reaching our tenuous planet, plants, and people alike. When the ozone molecules suck up the UV light, they generate heat, warming our celestial body and keeping us safe. Though for all the jobs the ozone layer performs for us, we have not been doing well by it.
In 1975, experts detected a gaping hole in the ozone layer. Each winter the ozone’s hole closes, however, like clockwork it emerges in the spring; and it has gotten bigger most years. If we do not figure out how to get the ozone layer under control, it’s a strong chance that we will endure much more than just Indian summers.
Ozone layer depletion in depth
When UV waves (ultraviolet light) strike Chlorofluorocarbon molecules in the above atmosphere, a carbon-chlorine bond shatters, producing a CI (chlorine) atom. The chlorine atom then responds with an O3 (ozone) molecule shattering it apart and so depleting the ozone. A singular CFC molecule can decimate 100,000 ozone molecules! Unlike CFCs, Halons contain bromine, which too depletes the ozone layer. When particular articular chemicals used on earth flee into the atmosphere, they are surged by solar radiation and eject bromine and chlorine atoms, which, in a chain reaction, obliterate ozone molecules. This reaction takes place more routinely than natural ozone renewal, resulting in a shrinking of the ozone layer.
How can you help save the ozone layer?
Fortunately, there are small things that every person can do to safeguard our wonderful ozone. The first remedy is simple: cease using styrofoam (and additional products that incorporate CFCs). Thanks to science and the substitution of CFCs with hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) that are far less damaging to the atmosphere, we’re already making progress. Scientists presume that with the reduced utilization of CFCs, the ozone layer might return to its 1979 density by 2049.
The second thing you can do is to make certain your refrigerants are responsibly razed. The best choice is to move to entirely natural refrigerants that don’t include HCFCs or CFCs, but if that isn’t feasible, make sure you secure an EPA-approved professional (HVAC professional, mechanic, etc.) to discard of your retired or used refrigerant.
Thirdly, mitigate the use of cars. The best transport selection is a bicycle, urban, or walking. If you utilize a car to a destination, attempt to carpool with others to minimize the use of cars to save cash and pollute less. Various towns even offer free bus rides while promoting carpooling when high ozone levels are likely.
Another thing you could do to save the ozone is to purchase local products. By doing this, you not only receive fresh products but you avert consuming food that has journeyed long distances. As the more distance miles traveled, the more nitrous oxide is yielded due to the medium utilized to haul that product.
Lastly, do not employ cleaning products that are detrimental to the environment and people. Numerous cleaning products contain substances corrosive and solvents, however, you can replace these perilous substances with non-toxic products such as bicarbonate or vinegar.